Berber: a looped style of carpet that features bulky yarns with characteristic color flecks
Backing/Primary Backing: this provides a base cloth to hold the yarn in place while tufting occurs
Carpet Cushion: also known as padding. It’s the cushion that lies between the carpet and the
floor or foundation
Carpet Dying (Continuous Dyeing): a process in which color is applied to the carpet face by
spraying or printing. It’s often used to create multicolor or pattern effects
Density: the measure of how tightly the yarn is stitched into a carpet’s primary backing
Face Weight: the measurement in ounces determined by the amount of fiber per square yard
Matte/Crush: an entanglement of fibers and tufts that results from weight and high traffic
Nap: a carpet or rug’s pile surface
Screen Printing: a common method of carpet coloring where color is applied from one to as
many as eight silk screens
Shearing: a manufacturing process in which carpet is drawn under revolving cutting blades in
order to produce a smooth face fabric
Shedding: a natural part of any new carpet where individual fibers come loose from the base
Sprouting: the protrusion of individual tuft or yarn above the pile surface
Textured: a popular cut pile carpet with alternating crimp, loops, or other modifications of yarn
that result in a two-tone appearance
Transition: the spot where two different floor coverings meet, such as carpet and hardwood
Tuft/Tufting: the cut or uncut loop of pile fabric and the first step in manufacturing carpet
Yarn Dyeing: yarn that is dyed before being fabricated into carpet
Yarn Dyeing-Beck: an alternative dyeing method used in the manufacturing of carpet that
involves the application of color to yarn after the carpet has been tufted
- Saxony, also referred to as plush, is the first subcategory. It resembles a freshly cut lawn in the sense that all the fibers are perfectly even and standing at attention.
- The next subcategory is textured Saxony, which has a permanent curl to it. This reduces light reflectivity so that it won’t show footprints.
- Frieze or twist is the third subcategory and offers a tighter twist that curls over, creating a very durable product that hides footprints and vacuum lines.
- Cable, the last subcategory, is constructed with thicker and longer yarns, which can create a carpet that looks luxurious.
Like the name suggests, cut and loop carpet is a combination of both cut and loop pile. You can find plenty of different patterns that result from the variations in surface textures.
Nylon carpet fibers are perhaps the most versatile of all the fibers. Because nylon provides durability and flexibility, you’ll find that it’s the most used carpet fiber. Nylon can be dyed in a range of colors and is one of the softer fibers, which gives it a luxurious appearance. Although nylon is not the most stain resistant, many manufacturers add a stain resistant treatment to protect against stains. This stain protection, however, can wear off over time with foot traffic and cleaning treatments.
Polyester (also called PET) carpet fibers are a great choice for rooms that will see low to medium traffic, such as bedrooms. Polyester comes in a wide variety of colors, is as strong and durable as nylon, and performs well over time. It’s also naturally stain and fade resistant, which makes it an ideal choice for those of you who have kids. It can show matting more easily than nylon, though.
Polypropylene or Olefin carpet fibers will not absorb water. Unlike other carpet fibers, which are dyed after production, it undergoes a solution dyeing process. The color of the carpet fiber is an intricate part of the final product that won’t fade even if exposed to intense sunlight, chemicals, or other contaminants. Since this carpet fiber isn’t as strong as other fibers, it’ll have a loop pile construction.
Wool carpet fiber is known for a rich look and feel. A traditional favorite, it remains a premium choice that is found in upper lines and styles. While wool tends to clean well and has beautiful colors, it wears down more easily, especially in high traffic areas. In fact, in some cases bald spots may occur in high traffic areas, and although it is naturally stain resistant, it does require a high level of maintenance.
Let’s start with which carpet is best in bedrooms. According to the World Floor Covering Association, the best carpet depends on whose bedroom it is. For instance, a master or guest bedroom is not likely to have much foot traffic, soiling, or staining, so just about any fiber in a plush or texture style will work.
Children’s bedrooms pose a greater risk of spills and stains, so stain-resistant nylon or polyester fibers are your best bet. Also, keep in mind that solid color carpets are less forgiving than carpets with multi-colored fibers.
When it comes to your living room, your lifestyle and personal tastes come into play. If your living room is formal, then it’ll be best served by a classic cut pile Saxony or a sophisticated cut and loop patterned carpet. On the other hand, if your living room is busy with kids and pets, it’s best to have a solution dyed or stain treated product with some type of odor treatment.
Where people gather to eat and drink, there’s bound to be stains and spills. PET polyester carpets are best for dining rooms, as they have advanced stain resistant properties.
Hallways and stairs can be tough on carpeting because they tend to be high traffic areas. People turn their feet at the bottom and top of stairways, which can cause additional stress on the carpet. A low, dense pile carpet is recommended for both spaces.
According to Mohawk, SmartStrand Forever Clean is made with a fiber that is engineered to resist matting and crushing. That trait is built into the fiber at the molecular level, which causes the fiber to bounce back and maintain its beauty over time. SmartStrand Forever Clean combines permanent stain resistance, advanced spill protection, maximum durability, all pet protection, and superior softness into one carpet.
- Vacuum your carpet on a regular basis in order to prevent soil from embedding itself in the pile*
- Consider professional cleaning every 12 to 18 months
- Always treat a spill immediately because the longer it sits there, the harder it is to clean
- Use scissors to clip sprouts and snags because pulling them might damage your carpet
- If carpet is burned, remove the tops of the burnt fibers with curved fingernail scissors
- Remove heavy furniture dents by stroking the dented area with the edge of a coin. You can also use a hair dryer or steam iron – just be careful not to touch the carpet with the iron
According to the Wood Floor Covering Association, most, if not all, carpet and flooring is sold by the square foot, which means in order to calculate a cost, you need to determine how much carpet you will need.
If you need more information about carpet or have any questions, please feel free to leave a comment or tweet us at @tukasacreations.